ON THE MACHINING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY AL6063 WITH EDM
Keywords:Electrical Discharge Machining, Aluminum alloys, Material Removal Rate, Surface Roughness, pulse-on current and time, White Layer, Analysis of Variance.
AbstractElectrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a non-conventional machining process, which allows the machining of any electrical conductive material, regardless its mechanical properties, with high dimensional accuracy, and in complex shapes and geometries. EDM widely utilized by modern industry, taking advantage of its unique inherent capabilities. Aluminum alloys find extensive use in numerous applications, and their machining consist an interesting topic, with tangible industrial interest. The current study presents an experimental investigation of machining Al6063 alloy with EDM. A full scale experiment was conducted, with control parameters the pulse-on current and time. The productivity of the process calculated based on the Material Removal Rate (MRR), while the Surface Roughness of the machined surfaces was estimated in terms of Ra and Rt. For these performance indexes Analysis Of Variance was performed and semi-empirical relations that correlate machining parameters with obtained results were proposed. Finally, the cross sections of the specimens were observed in optical microscopy, in order the formation of the White Layer to be studied.
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