Brake Rotors, Aluminum Matrix Composites (AMCs), Tribology, Brake pads


This literature overview examines the capacity of using aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) rather than conventional grey solid iron in brake rotor packages. Driven by the preference for lighter and more environmentally friendly vehicles, AMCs offer several benefits, including decreased weight, advanced thermal properties, superior put-on resistance, and an optimized breaking system. Studies have concluded that AMCs can gain weight reductions of up to 60% compared to cast iron, resulting in stepped-forward gas performance and automobile management. Besides exhibiting superior thermal conductivity and lower thermal enlargement, it results in better heat dissipation and a reduced danger of warping and cracking. The advantage of using ceramic reinforcements, which include SiC, Al2O3, and B4C, is that they can enhance the damage resistance of AMCs, leading to a longer service life for brake rotors. The review covers various elements of AMC brake rotor development, Starting with manufacturing strategies (stir casting, ultrasonic-assisted stir casting, and squeeze casting), which are powerful techniques for producing extremely good AMC rotors, then the thermal traits, which are so essential due to their thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, and heat dissipation in brake rotor overall performance, Finally, the tribological residences affect load, sliding pace, and floor roughness on the wear and friction of AMC rotors. Brake pad compatibility is so vital in breaking systems, that deciding on suitable brake pad materials, containing non-asbestos organic (NAO) pads, can optimize performance with AMC rotors. These traits can be computationally analysed by using finite element evaluation and different numerical methods to predict the thermal and mechanical behaviour of AMC brake rotors. The review emphasizes that AMCs maintain great promise as next-era manufacturing for brake rotors, offering a balance of weight reduction, stepped-forward thermal control, and more advantageous wear resistance. Further research and improvement are necessary to optimize fabric composition, production strategies, and brake pad compatibility to improve the capacity of AMCs in brake structures.

Author Biographies

Khattab Afraa, University of Miskolc, Hungary

PhD student, Institute of Industrial Economics, University of Miskolc. Miskolc, Hungary

Felhő Csaba , University of Miskolc, Hungary

PhD, University of Miskolc, Hungary, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Informatics, Institute of Manufacturing Science, Director of the Institute. Born in 1977. He graduated from the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Miskolc, Faculty of Computer Engineering in 2001. Since 2002 he has been a departmental engineer at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, and later a teacher of engineering. Since 2005 assistant professor. In 2014, he defended his Dr.-Ing. thesis "Investigation of surface roughness in machining by single and multi point tools" with magna cum laude at the Otto-von-Guericke University in Magdeburg, which was honoured with a PhD degree at the Sályi István Doctoral School of Mechanical Engineering in 2015. His fields of expertise are surface roughness analysis on machined surfaces, CAD/CAM systems.


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Mechanical processing of materials, the theory of cutting materials, mathematical and computer simulation of machining p