ANALYZING THE EFFECT OF THE TOOL PASS NUMBER AND THE DIRECTION OF SLIDING BURNISHING ON SURFACE ROUGHNESS
Keywords:turning, burnishing, surface roughness, environmentally friendly machining
Nowadays, the concern of environmental protection is becoming more and more important in production as well. They often contribute to this by reducing or eliminating the amount of coolants and lubricants, or by using alternative machining methods. One of them is burnishing, which makes a positive effect on surface integrity, while reduces the environmental load. In this paper we examined the change in surface roughness achieved by burnishing after turning on a corrosion-resistant steel workpiece, where the number of burnishing passes and burnishing direction were changed. The results showed increased smoothness, bearing capacity and dimensional stability by increasing the number of passes from 1 to 2, however, the 3 times repetition did not show any additional favorable improvement on the surfaces. In case of the forward-backward-forward burnishing directions, further chipping occurred, in other cases the effect of the directions was negligible on the amplitude roughness parameters, but considerable on the parameters characterizing the roughness peak. The greatest improvement was achieved with the backward-forward settings.
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